Centennial Variegated Kumquat

The Centennial Variegated Kumquat Tree

The Centennial Variegated Kumquat is larger and sweeter than most kumquats. Some believe it’s a cross between a Nagami Kumquat and a mandarin. Compared to the Nagami, the fruit is larger and tends to be a little sweeter due to thicker skin.

So if you’re looking for a kumquat with less tart, this is a good choice. The tree’s variegated leaves and fruit make for an attractive plant too.

Basic Information

Common Name Centennial Variegated Kumquat
Botanical Name Fortunella japonica ‘Centennial’
Location of Origin Leesburg, Flordia
USDA Zones 8 – 11
Can be grown in containers? Yes

Fruit Characteristics

Fruit Size Small, but larger than Nagami
Fruit Shape Oval like Nagami
Fruit Taste Sweet rind, sour flesh, overall bitter
Rind Thickness Thin
Rind Texture Smooth
Rind Color Variegated orange and red hues when ripened
Flesh Color Orange
Easy to Peel? N/A – eaten whole
Seeds Less than a few

Tree Details

Has Thorns? Thornless
Foliage Color Variegated – Green/White
Foliage Size Small-Medium
Flower Color White
Flower Size Small
Mature Tree Height in Ground 7′ – 10′
Fruit Bearing Age 3 – 4 years old
Alternate Bearing? No
Heat to Sweeten Fruit? Yes
Growth Habit Upright

Growing Conditions

Temperature Hardy to 28ºF
Self-fertile? Yes
Sunlight Required Full Sun
Bloom Season in Minnesota Summer
Harvest Season in Minnesota Winter
Average Spring/Summer Watering Once every 1-2 weeks, more often when hot
Average Fall/Winter Watering Once every 3 weeks

Guides for Growing in Containers